The Game | CFL.ca | Official Site of the Canadian Football League
 
The Game

SECTION 1 – FIRST DOWNS

A first down shall be recorded whenever the yardsticks are ordered forward by the officials on a sequence of downs, whenever a touchdown is scored on an offensive play from scrimmage, and whenever a gain from scrimmage is made on the last play in a half that would have resulted in a first down being awarded had time not run out. However a first down shall not be awarded when a team first gains possession as a result of a kick, a fumble, a pass interception or a penalty.

First downs gained are subdivided to show the type of play responsible for the gain, as follows:

  1. By Rushing – means that the play that resulted in a new first down being awarded was a rushing play, even though a different type of play may have accounted for most of the yardage in that series of downs.
  2. By Passing – means that the play that resulted in a new first down being awarded was a passing play, even though a different type of play may have accounted for most of the yardage in that series of downs.
  3. By Penalty – means that the yardsticks were ordered forward as a result of the application of penalty.

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SECTION 2 – TOTAL OFFENCE

  1. Total offence represents the aggregate of all net gains from scrimmage and includes the following:
    1. Net yards on rushing plays where the gains and losses are chargeable to individual players, See Section 3.
    2. Net yards on passing plays, See Section 4.
    3. Yardage losses chargeable against the team record but not against individual players, See Section 5.
  2. Total plays from scrimmage consists of all plays where a team puts the ball into play by a scrimmage, including those nullified by penalty and including convert attempts.

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SECTION 3 – RUSHING PLAYS

  1. Every play from scrimmage is to be ruled as a rushing play except:
    1. A passing play as described in Section 4 or,
    2. A Team Loss play as described in Section 5 or,
    3. A kicking play as described in Section 8.
  2. Rushing yardage is measured from the line of scrimmage to the point where the ball is declared dead or is recovered by the opponents in the case of a fumble.
  3. The rushing total is a net figure. All rushing losses must be recorded to account for the net figure. Such losses will also be taken into account in determining the rushing records of individual players.
  4. The player charged with the carry will be the player who carries the ball across the line of scrimmage, or is the player responsible for a fumble, or the player in possession, whichever is applicable, when the play is stopped behind the line of scrimmage.
  5. All gains on lateral passes that originated or grew out of a rushing play are included in rushing yardage, See Section 7.

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SECTION 4 – FORWARD PASS PLAYS

  1. Forward passing gains or losses are measured from the scrimmage line to the point where the ball is declared dead or is recovered by opponents in the case of a fumble. Both the length of the pass and the running advance after completion are included in the total gain. All yards gained or lost on a completed pass play are credited to both the passer and receiver.
  2. The passer is charged with all forward passes thrown whether complete or incomplete, except those on which an interference penalty is called. It will also include all passes intercepted. Those passes ruled as intentionally grounded will be recorded under penalties, including the yardage lost.
  3. If the passer has commenced forward throwing motion with the ball moving forward and is contacted with the ball becoming loose, the play will be regarded as an incomplete forward pass unless the Referee rules the play to be a fumble.
  4. The receiver is credited only with the number of passes caught and total yards gained. Where a pass is touched by two receivers, the player making the final catch will be credited. EXAMPLE – Team A has ball on 30-yard line. Quarterback passes to A1 on 40-yard line who tips the ball forward to A2 on the 43-yard line. The referee will declare the pass complete on the 43 and A2 shall be credited with the catch.
  5. Loss from a completed forward pass play that did not advance to the line of scrimmage is a yardage charge against both the passer and receiver.
  6. A passer is not a passer until the ball is thrown, so, if the player is caught behind the line of scrimmage it is either a loss by rushing under Section 3 or a Team Loss under Section 5.
  7. There is no pass completed by penalty. A gain through interference on a passing play is a penalty against the defending team. The passer is not charged with a pass attempt nor credited with a completion or the yards gained, nor is the intended receiver credited with a pass caught. The passing team is credited only with a first down gained by penalty. The defending team is charged with a penalty and the distance from the line of scrimmage to the penalty spot is recorded under Yards Lost Penalties.
  8. Great care must be taken to distinguish between forward passes behind the line of scrimmage and lateral passes behind the line of scrimmage. Since there is no distinction under the playing rules other than the eligibility of the receiver, there will be no ruling by the referee unless such pass falls incomplete. If the referee waves it incomplete, it was a forward pass. If the Referee declared it a free ball, it was a lateral.

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SECTION 5 – TEAM LOSSES

This category covers yardage losses suffered by a team that are not chargeable against the rushing records of individual players, or the team’s rushing or passing records for that game. Such losses are, however, included in determining a team’s total offence for the game and the season.

The following are examples of losses that belong in this category:

  1. A player drops back or rolls out with the intention of throwing a pass, but is thrown for a loss without getting the pass away. Where, however, upon finding the receivers covered the player makes a positive attempt to run with the ball, as distinct from taking normal evasive action, any such loss incurred will be treated as an ordinary rushing loss under Section 3. In case of doubt, rule as a Team Loss.
  2. Team A has 3rd down on its 20 and is in punt formation. The would-be kicker catches the ball and retreats behind own Goal Line to concede a safety touch. The 20-yard loss will be charged to the player under Team Losses.
  3. Similar situation as above, the centre makes a wild snap and the ball goes into the End Zone, where it is recovered by either team. The centre will be charged with a fumble and the 20-yard loss will be charged to that player under Team Losses.
  4. A third down kick is blocked and recovered by either team 10 yards behind the line of scrimmage. In this case, the kicker is charged with a fumble and the 10-yard loss is charged under Team Losses.
  5. When a quarterback voluntarily drops to one knee and concedes yards in an effort to run out the clock, the yards lost will be charged under Team Losses.

  6. NOTE – No quarterback sack will be given in this situation.
  7. Team A scrimmages on its own 25-yard line. Team A quarterback drops back to pass but is tackled on the Team A 20 before the ball can be thrown.
    NOTE – The Team A quarterback is charged with a Team Loss of five yards.
  8. Same situation as (f). Team A quarterback fumbles the ball while attempting to handoff to the Team A runningback. The ball is finally recovered by Team B on the Team A 20-yard line.
    NOTE – The Team A quarterback is charged with a fumble, fumble lost and a Team Loss of five yards.
  9. Team A Kicker stands on Team A 10-yard line to receive the ball from centre. Instead of kicking the ball, retreats into the Team A End Zone to run out the clock, and eventually runs over the Dead Line conceding a safety.
    NOTE – The team A Kicker is charged with a Team Loss of 10 yards from the line of scrimmage to the Goal Line. The other distance retreated into the End Zone shall be disregarded.

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SECTION 6 – INTERCEPTION RETURNS

  1. Run backs on interception of forward passes shall be measured from the point of interception to the point where the ball is declared dead or is recovered by opponents in case of a fumble. Such gains are, of course, not included in Yards Gained Passing.
  2. Where a pass is intercepted in the Goal Area and the interceptor is not successful in running out of the Goal Area, that player will still be credited with the yards returned to the point where the ball is declared dead.

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SECTION 7 – LATERAL PASSES

  1. A lateral pass is always a component part of the play during which it occurs. The only laterals that are recorded are those that occur:
    1. After a forward pass has been completed,
    2. After the ball has crossed the line of scrimmage on a rushing play,
    3. On returns or run backs of punts, kickoffs, pass interceptions and fumbles.
  2. Pitchouts, handoffs and other laterals behind the line of scrimmage are not recorded.
  3. Examples showing how laterals are recorded:
    1. Player A catches a forward pass for a gain of 10 yards then laterals to B who goes for five more. A is credited with a pass caught and 10 yards gained. B is not credited with a catch but is credited with five yards gained. The passer is credited with a completed pass and 15 yards gained.
    2. A takes a lateral from the quarterback and crosses the line of scrimmage for a gain of 10 yards, then laterals to B who gains another five. Player A is charged with a carry and credited with 10 yards gained rushing. B is not charged with a carry but is credited with five yards.
      NOTE – The gain made by B starts only when reaching the line where A made the pass. If in Example 2 above, A made 10 yards then passed backward to B who was only able to advance within one yard of A, the net gain would be nine yards all of which should be credited to A. B will not be charged with a one-yard loss.
    3. A catches a punt and returns it 10 yards before lateralling to B, who goes for another five. A is charged with a punt return and credited with 10 yards. B is not charged with a punt return but is credited with five yards.
  4. Incomplete lateral passes are scored as fumbles and yards lost are charged against the player who, in the statistician’s opinion, was responsible for the failure of the pass, subject to the provision of Section 5.
  5. Intercepted lateral passes are scored as fumbles and the passer is charged with a fumble lost.

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SECTION 8 – KICKING PLAYS

  1. Kicks that cross line of scrimmage:
    1. Punts are measured from the line of scrimmage to the point where the ball is recovered by a player, goes Out of Bounds or is otherwise declared dead.
    2. If the ball is punted over the Goal Line, the distance into the Goal Area will be included in the length of the punt.
    3. If the receiver touches the ball but it continues to roll downfield, the point of ultimate recovery will determine the distance of the punt.
    4. Should the receiver lose yards in attempting to run back a kick, the loss will be charged as a loss on punt returns, See Section 10. Where, however, the momentum of the kick forces the receiver backwards, such yardage lost in this manner will be added to the length of the kick. In cases where a receiver concedes a rouge by running back across the deadline, the kick will be measured only to the point possession was gained by the receiver.
    5. If the receiver should kick the ball back to the opponents, this will count as a punt and will be measured from the point of kick. This does not apply to dribbled balls which are dealt with in Section 11 on fumbles.
    6. If the kicker should recover own kick, or another onside player of that team should do so, the kick will count as a punt and the yardage measured to the point of recovery. Yards gained subsequent to the recovery will be recorded separately under Own Punts Recovered.
    7. An attempted field goal that fails to score becomes a punt and is subject to the section. For individual record purposes, however, missed field goal attempts are recorded separately from normal punts.
    8. Punts partially blocked that cross the line of scrimmage are treated as ordinary punts.
    9. An attempted punt that fails for any reason to cross the line of scrimmage will not be recorded as a punt since it could still evolve into a rushing or passing play, See Section 8(b).
    10. Distance of successful field goals are recorded on the scoring summary.
  2. Kicks that do not cross scrimmage line:
    1. If a kicker should attempt a kick from scrimmage and the ball fails to cross the line of scrimmage, this will not count as a punt but will be considered the same as a lateral pass behind the line of scrimmage. If legally recovered by a player on the kicker’s side, the eventual outcome of the play will determine the way it should be recorded, that is, if a forward pass is thrown it will become a passing play; otherwise, it is a rushing play.
    2. If recovered by the defending side, the kicker will be charged with a fumble lost and the yards lost from the line of scrimmage to the point of recovery will be charged as a Team Loss.
    3. If a blocked kick is recovered by the kicking team, the kicker will be charged with a fumble. The events after recovery will determine whether the play shall be recorded as a rushing play, passing play or Team Loss play.
    4. If such blocked kick is recovered by a defending player, the kicker will be charged with a fumble lost. The yards lost from the line of scrimmage to the point of recovery will be charged as a Team Loss under Section 5. Yards gained by the blocking team after recovery will be recorded under Fumble Returns, See Section 11.
    5. The name of the defending player blocking the kick will be recorded in the space provided on the statistics reporting forms. The type of kick attempt blocked should also be indicated (punt, convert or field goal).

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SECTION 9 – KICKOFFS

  1. Kickoffs are measured from the kickoff line to the point of recovery. If kicked over the deadline or Out of Bounds in the Goal Area without being touched by any player, the yardage will be recorded in the same manner as a punt into the End Zone. If kicked Out of Bounds in the field of play, the receiving team has the option of taking the ball at that point, taking the ball on its 45-yard line or having the kickoff repeated. If the receiving team elects to take the ball at the point it went Out of Bounds, the kickoff shall be recorded to that point and the kicking team charged with a penalty declined. If the ball is awarded to the receiving team at its 45-yard line, the yardage difference between that line and the point where the kickoff went Out of Bounds will be recorded as a penalty against the kicking team. If the kickoff has to be repeated, the kicking team will be charged with a penalty of five yards.
  2. The same rules for statistics purposes apply to kickoffs that apply to punts.

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SECTION 10 – KICK RETURNS

  1. Kick returns are recorded in three separate categories.
    1. Returns of punts,
    2. Returns of missed field goal attempts,
    3. Returns of kickoffs.
  2. Kick returns are measured from the point where the receiver gains possession of the ball to the point where the ball is declared dead or is lost by fumble or is kicked back. If the receiver loses yards on a kick return after gaining possession, such losses will be charged against the kick return yardage.
  3. When a penalty is called on a kick return for an offence such as clipping or illegal interference, the return will be measured to the point from which the penalty is applied.
  4. A receiver will not be charged with a kick return for conceding a single point without attempting to advance the ball or if a penalty is applied from the point of gaining possession of the ball, such as a No Yards penalty.
  5. Returns of missed field goal attempts are to be treated in the same manner as punt returns, since they are identical under the playing rules but are to be recorded separately from punt returns.

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SECTION 11 – FUMBLES

  1. On any play terminated by a fumble, the yards gained or lost to the point of recovery are credited or charged to the player who fumbled, regardless of which team recovers the ball.
    EXAMPLES:
    1. Player A carries the ball for five yards, is tackled and then fumbles. The ball goes forward for another three yards and is recovered by the opposition. A is credited with an eight-yard gain and charged with a fumble lost.
    2. Same play but ball goes backward three yards and is recovered by a player of A’s team. A is credited with a two-yard gain and charged with a fumble recovered.
  2. A player generally should not be charged with a fumble if that player recovers own fumble. However, if it is a flagrant fumble and opposing players have an opportunity to recover it, a fumble should be charged.
  3. The act of merely touching the ball is not necessarily possession. On the greased-pig type of scrambling for a fumbled ball, charge the original player for the fumble and credit the eventual recovery to the player who winds up with the ball. Ignore all momentary touching in between.
  4. The player who fumbles a ball Out of Bounds is to be charged with a fumble and an own team fumble recovery.
  5. Yards gained by a player subsequent to recovery of a teammate’s fumble will remain as part of the play giving rise to the fumble and will be regarded in the nature of a gain after a lateral pass, See Section 7. However, the player recovering such fumble will also be credited under Own Fumbles Recovered on the statistics report form.
  6. Yards gained by a player subsequent to recovery of an opposition fumble is covered under Fumble Returns, See Section 12.
  7. When a player fumbles the ball and it is recovered by another player of the same team, the continuing action shall be regarded as part of the same play leading up to the fumble.
    EXAMPLES:
    1. Team A runningback carries the ball for 10 yards, fumbles and it is recovered by a Team A lineman, who then carries the ball for seven more yards before the play is stopped.
      NOTE – This was a 17-yard rushing play. The runningback is charged with one carry for 10 yards while the lineman is not charged with a carry but is given credit for seven yards rushing.
    2. Team A has the ball on Team B’s 30-yard line. Team A quarterback throws a pass to the Team A receiver, who carries the ball to the Team B five yard line and fumbles. The ball continues on into the Team B End Zone where it is fallen on by a Team A player.
    3. NOTE – Team A quarterback is credited with a completed TD pass for 30 yards. The receiver is credited with a catch for 30 yards but no TD. The Team A player who recovered the ball is credited with a TD receiving but with no catch or yards.
  8. Team A punts to Team B on third down. The Team B player returns the ball for 10 yards, fumbles and the ball is picked up by another Team B player who carries it for 15 more yards.
    NOTE – The Team B punt return is 25 yards. The first Team B player is credited with a return and 10 yards. The second Team B player is not credited with a return but is credited with 15 yards.

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SECTION 12 – FUMBLE RETURNS

  1. This category deals with the recovery and returns of opposition fumbles including these situations:
    1. Yards gained following recovery of a blocked punt or field goal attempt.
    2. Yards gained following interception of a lateral pass.
  2. Fumble returns are measured from the point of recovery to the point the play becomes dead or possession is lost on a subsequent fumble.
  3. Dribbling a loose ball downfield will be considered a fumble return.

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SECTION 13 – PENALTIES

  1. Five items are recorded with regard to penalties:
    1. Times Penalized,
    2. Yards Penalized,
    3. First Downs Gained by Penalties,
    4. Penalties Declined By,
    5. Gains Forfeited on Penalties.
  2. Times Penalized include those penalties declined by the opposition, double penalties against both teams that are often cancelled out against each other and multiple penalties called against one team on a single play.
  3. Yards Penalized are measured from the point of penalty to the point where the ball is next put into play.
  4. Refer to Section 1 for treatment of first downs gained by penalties.
  5. Gains Forfeited by Penalty are the yardage gains that would normally be recorded by the offence on offensive plays from scrimmage and have been nullified by application of a penalty. Gains Forfeited by Penalty do not occur on special teams plays, nor do they occur on defensive return plays (i.e. fumble returns, interception returns).

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SECTION 14 – SCORING PLAYS

  1. A touchdown (six points) will be credited to the player scoring it. Yardage gained on a scrimmage play or the return of a punt, kickoff, interception or fumble that resulted in the score will also be recorded in the appropriate category.
  2. A Convert or Point After Touchdown will be credited to the player completing the play. It may be scored in three ways:
    1. By kicking a field goal, in which case the kicker receives credit for one point.
    2. By completing a forward pass, in which case the receiver gets credit for two points. The pass attempt and yards gained will be included in the game totals for passing and in the individual records of the passer and receiver.
    3. By carrying the ball across the Goal Line. The ball carrier will be credited with two points as well as with the yards gained rushing.
    4. A defensive player may score a two-point convert by legally gaining possession of the ball and advancing it across his opponent’s Goal Line. The yardage gained or lost will be recorded in the appropriate category (missed field goal convert return, interception return and/or fumble return).
  3. Field Goal (three points) is credited to the kicker. The yardage on successful field goals is recorded using the yard line closest to the front of the kicking tee or the holder’s spot.
  4. Safety Touch (two points) is credited as a team score only and no individual credit is to be given to any player.
  5. Single (one point) is credited to the player who kicked the ball across the Goal Line.
  6. When a score is made on the final play of any quarter, it shall be timed at 15:00.

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SECTION 15 – GOAL AREA

Distance into the Goal Area is measured only in the following circumstances:

  1. Team A kicks the ball into the Goal Area, where it is recovered by Team B receiver 10 yards deep. The 10 yards is included in the total length of the punt or kickoff measured from the line of scrimmage or the line of kickoff.
  2. In the above example, Team B receiver runs the ball out of the End Zone to the Team B five-yard line and is credited with a kick return of 15 yards.
  3. In the same example, Team B receiver immediately concedes a single point. He shall not be charged with a return.
  4. In the same example, Team B receiver runs around in the End Zone and eventually concedes a single point. That receiver shall be charged with a return and the yards gained or lost since gaining possession of the ball.

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SECTION 16 – QUARTERBACK SACKS

A quarterback sack is awarded to a Team B player whenever the Team A quarterback is in possession of the ball behind the line of scrimmage and:

  1. Is tackled for a loss of yards by a Team B player or,
  2. Is forced out of bounds behind the line of scrimmage to avoid imminent contact with a Team B player or,
  3. Is forced by a Team B player to fumble the football and the play concludes with a turnover or loss of yards.

NOTE – In condition (iii) listed above, the play does not have to terminate for a quarterback sack to be awarded.

NOTE – In condition (iii) listed above, the Team B player is also to be credited with a forced fumble.

NOTE – The yards lost by Team A in any of the above situations shall be charged to Team A under Team Losses. The yards lost shall also be credited to the Team B player under Quarterback Sacks in the defensive stats section.

NOTE – If the sack results in a safety touch score, the Team B player will be credited with the sack and the yards lost to the goal line but not the two (2) points scored, which is a Team score.

NOTE – It is possible for the quarterback to be sacked for a loss of zero (0) yards, if the sack is less than one (1) yard.

It is not a quarterback sack but a rushing loss if:

  1. The quarterback voluntarily steps out of bounds behind the line of scrimmage without being threatened by imminent contact with an opponent or,
  2. The Team A player attempting to pass is any player other than a quarterback or,
  3. The quarterback is tackled with the ball in possession at or across, but not behind, the line of scrimmage or,
  4. The quarterback attempts a short yardage sneak play and fails to reach the line of scrimmage or,
  5. The quarterback voluntary terminates the play by dropping to the ground on one knee. In this case, do not score a rushing loss, instead, score the play as a Team Loss.
  6. The quarterback is called for intentional grounding. In this case, score a penalty for zero (0) yards and the appropriate yardage lost against Team A as a Team Loss. Do not score the play as a rushing loss.

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SECTION 17 – DRIBBLED BALL

A dribbled ball occurs when the ball is kicked while not in the possession or control of a player, i.e. a loose ball following a fumble, a blocked kick, a kickoff or a kick from scrimmage. Such a dribbled ball may be legally touched or recovered by the kicker or an onside player.

Net yards gained or lost, or points scored will be recorded in the same manner as the play in which the dribbling occurred.

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SECTION 18 – TACKLES

Whenever a player is tackled while possessing the ball, only one opponent shall be credited with a solo tackle. Tackles will be recorded on all plays. Defensive and Special Teams Tackles will be recorded separately. The yards lost shall be credited to the player making the defensive tackle and will be identified as a Tackle for Loss.

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SECTION 19 – RATINGS

Leaders for CFL statistical categories are determined by the following guidelines:

  1. Rushing Average leaders are based on a minimum of 10 carries in a game, 100 for a season and 500 for a career.
  2. Pass Reception Average leaders are based on a minimum of three catches in a game, times the number of games played by that player’s team in a season for season total ratings and 200 catches for a career.
  3. Punting Average leaders are based on a minimum of five punts in a game, 100 for a season and 1,000 for a career.
  4. Passing Percentage Leaders based on a minimum of 20 passes per game for a single game, a season and a career.
  5. Passing Efficiency leaders based on a minimum of 20 passes per game, 300 passes for a season and 2,000 passes for a career.
  6. Field Goal Accuracy is the percentage determined by dividing the number of field goals attempted into the number of field goals successful. The Field Goal Accuracy leaders are based on a minimum of 20 attempts in a season and 100 attempts in a career.
  7. Field Goal Average is the distance determined by dividing the number of field goals successful into the total yardage of field goals. The Field Goal Average leaders are based on a minimum of 20 attempts in a season and 100 attempts in a career.

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SECTION 20 – NET PUNTING AVERAGE

Net Punting Average shall be calculated by dividing the total number of punt attempts into the total number of punting yards, minus the punt return yards. Leaders are based on five punt attempts in a game, 100 for a season and 1,000 for a career.

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SECTION 21 – FORCED FUMBLES

A Forced Fumble is credited to a player who makes contact with an opposing ball carrier causing a fumble as defined in Section 11. It is possible that the player forcing the fumble may also receive credit for a fumble recovery and return.

  1. If a Team B player makes contact with a quarterback causing that quarterback to fumble the ball behind the line of scrimmage and the quarterback recovers the ball, the Team B player will not be credited with a forced fumble (the Team B player receives credit for a quarterback sack in this instance).
  2. A Team B player, who makes contact with a Team A player causing that player to fumble after crossing the line of scrimmage, will be given credit for a forced fumble regardless of the outcome of the play.

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SECTION 22 – PASS KNOCKDOWNS

A pass knockdown is credited to a Team B player who makes a Team A pass attempt become an incompletion by contacting the football in any manner.

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SECTION 23 – TIME OF POSSESSION

Time of Possession is to be recorded by CFL Stats Crews and is to be credited to a Team whenever it is in possession of the football.

For kicking plays such as kickoffs, punts and missed field goals, Team B’s possession starts upon the successful control of the football.

The total Time of Possession (Team A’s TOP plus Team B’s TOP) for every CFL game must equal 60 minutes (60:00).

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SECTION 24 – DETERMINING LINE OF SCRIMMAGE

For statistical purposes, the line of scrimmage will be the yard line closest to the front of the ball (the front being the end of the ball farthest from the Team A Goal Line as defined in the Rule Book: Rule 4, Section 1, Article 1), except when the ball is resting inside the one-yard line, it will then be considered to be on the one-yard line.

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Leaderboard
DrillLeaderResult
Bench Press
David Menard 33
40-Yard Dash
Adam Thibault 4.45
Vertical Jump
Evan Pszczonak 40.00"
Broad Jump
Andrew Lue 10'5.00"
Shuttle Adam Thibault 4.03
3-Cone Antoine Pruneau 6.78

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